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TWiC #7: Flat Earthers Are Probably Smarter Than You

Feb

17

by

… But they’re still wrong.

“It is error only, and not truth, that shrinks from inquiry.” -Thomas Paine

Last weekend my Twitter timeline blew up when Kirk Cameron showed up at CPAC to lecture at the attendees about creationism and the worldwide mad deadly evolution conspiracy. But the mocking wasn’t coming from scientists or secular activists who work at keeping religion out of science classrooms. Those people tend to not show up at events like CPAC. No, it was coming pretty much exclusively from liberal political activist bloggers and journalists. And not only that, it was also exclusively coming from bloggers and journalists who, as far as I could tell, have never once written about biological evolution or the fallacies involved in creationist arguments. I speculated that most of them have never even opened a text on evolution before.

Now obviously Kirk Cameron is wrong about how life as we know it got here and those making fun of him are right to accept evolution. But Cameron and the rest of the professional creationists have at least spent time thinking (and I’m using that term loosely) about the debate (again, using the term loosely). All too often those of us who are on the factually correct side of an argument can’t really explain how we know that the Ray Comforts and Bill Dembskis of the world are wrong. We do the hand-wave, we use logical fallacies like ad hominem attacks or appeals to popularity, or we just go “PFFT!” way before that kind of response is even partially justified.

And that brings us to the awesome group of people I wanted to write about today, the Flat Earth Society. An understandable reaction to hearing that the FES still exists today is to go “PFFT!” and wave your hand at them to STFU and GTFO. The idea that the Earth is flat is crazy, right? Well, yeah, it is. But in understanding their arguments and how we know they’re wrong we get at a better understanding of good science.

Flat Earthers believe our planet looks something like this.

This kind of lazy, careless dismissal of fringe claims reminds me of a quote from John Stuart Mill’s On Liberty:

The peculiar evil of silencing the expression of an opinion is, that it is robbing the human race; posterity as well as the existing generation; those who dissent from the opinion, still more than those who hold it. If the opinion is right, they are deprived of the opportunity of exchanging error for truth: if wrong, they lose, what is almost as great a benefit, the clearer perception and livelier impression of truth, produced by its collision with error.”

Of course, Mill is here talking about censorship. And it’s important to point out that refusing to engage with crazy arguments from lunatics is a very different thing from censorship. In the former case, you’re blocking only yourself off from a certain line of inquiry; but in the latter you’re blocking everyone off from it. And maybe you have other things to do than research how we know the true shape of the Earth or how we know that humans share a common ancestor with chimpanzees and other apes. But if that’s the case, you probably should leave the responding to / mocking of creationists and other kooks to those of us who’ve bothered to look into the relevant subjects.

Little known fact: John Stuart Mill was a Flat Earther!

So if you encounter a Flat Earther the first thing you might point out to them is that when we see ships on the horizon, we see the mast first and the rest of the ship later. If the Earth were flat, we would see the whole ship at the time when it first becomes visible. Flat Earthers have a response to that, and it’s a lot better than what you’re probably thinking. And the easiest way to explain it is to start off with the real science around which the Flat Earthers are trying to work.

One of the implications of Relativity is that the gravitational impact of very massive objects like stars can actually warp space itself. So one way in which Relativity was tested was to observe an eclipse extremely carefully to see if the light from distant stars shifted from where they normally appear to be at nighttime. If Einstein were right they should because the Sun’s gravity would be curving the space through which the light from background stars travel when the Sun is in between them and the Earth. And the only time we’d be able to see distant stars while the Sun was around for this effect to take place would be during an eclipse. So they tried this out in 1919, and Einstein was vindicated.

Einstein predicted the Twilight movies would suck so hard they would bend the fabric of space.

But the Flat Earthers have an alternate explanation. They say that we perceive things like this — as well as the ship’s hull disappearing on the horizon before the mast and so-called “sunsets” — due to their idea of electromagnetic acceleration, which is supposed to explain how it is light and not space which bends. In order to justify electromagnetic acceleration, they are developing a Dark Energy Model which is completely separate from the rest of physics. Apparently both theories are “under review by members,” which appears to be a way of inoculating themselves from criticisms based on basic mathematics. Like for instance, how could the same effect be just barely observable from something as massive as the Sun to the extent that nobody even noticed it until 1919 while anyone living near a coast in the past few centuries would have noticed that a departing ship’s hull appears to disappear before its mast?

At that point, they pretty much say that they’re still working on their theories to explain these problems. So they’re admitting to accepting the conclusion of a flat Earth before accounting for the facts. Sherlock Holmes would rightfully disapprove. And that’s when it’s OK to go “PFFT!” and make fun of them on Twitter.

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There’s another sort of clever and provocative claim they make. The Flat Earthers also get into a lot of conspiracy-mongering. There would have to be a lot of massive conspiracies to hide the fact of a flat Earth if it really were true. So once you get tired of arguing about the validity of their “Dark Energy Model,” you might ask why those who would have to know the “truth” of the flat Earth (NASA, for instance) would bother to keep it a secret.

They have an explanation for this, too. Actually, they have a few. The FAQ page I cited earlier says the answer is financial gain. NASA isn’t really sending rockets into space and all the government funds allocated to them go directly into the pockets of the conspirators. The same goes for the other so-called “space agencies” of major nations of the world. They’re all in on this ruse together. After they cover expenses, which is mostly for advanced versions of Photoshop which they use to make up fake space pictures and security for the “ice wall” that’s supposed to exist on the “edges of the Earth,” the rest is all profit.

Here’s the Conspiracy, making sure nobody falls off the edge of the Earth.

But the other, more interesting speculation on the motives of the conspirators is that back in the day, sometime shortly after the time of Eratosthenes, when most educated people believed the Earth was spherical, some other hidden discovery was made which contradicted Eratosthenes. We don’t know what it was because of the Conspiracy. But nobody wanted to admit that they were wrong and the more ancient view of a flat Earth was correct after all once they had already convinced everyone it was spherical. So they had to perpetuate this lie as a way to save face.

Of course the Flat Earthers have no evidence for this conspiracy at all, so all of their speculations are totally unfalsifiable. So then we reach another point where it’s OK to mock them and go “PFFT!”

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Anyway, what I’m getting at is that exploring something as silly as Flat Earth Theory can be a great way to develop critical thinking skills along with just a basic understanding of science. Even though they’re about as wrong as it’s possible to be, we’re better off for colliding with their error. It’s almost as if the whole organization / internet forum is an exercise in trolling where they just try to provoke people into doing the necessary research to prove them wrong. And if that’s what is really behind the Flat Earth movement at this point, then good for them.

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  • scott

    seriously, ive learned so much about physics by getting trolled by the flat earth society. its a brilliant timesink unlike creeping around free republic or national review trying to get in an reasonable political debate…

  • Anonymous37

    Incidentally, the Flat Earth Society was briefly in the news after O.J. Simpson murdered Ron Simpson and Nicole Brown. Their spokesman argued that Simpson was being framed by NASA as a result of his appearance in Capricorn One, the movie in which the moon landing was faked.

  • DJS

    Oddly enough, I’m halfway through Flat Earth by Christine Garwood. It’s very entertaining, particularly the war between Alfred Wallace and John Hampden.

  • Mike C

    I’ve read “The Origin of Species.” Zoned out when he started talking about ants, and didn’t stop talking about them, so my actual recollection of it is dubious. But I’m an American, and am thus obliged to have an opinion on everything.

    From what I can tell, evolution works like this: Starting with abiogenesis (not evolution in itself), self-replicating molecules form, growing in complexity. This lead to DNA and viruses. Then some other shit happened that I don’t remember. Eventually, single celled organisms developed, which were somewhat protected from the elements, can could convert stuff in their environments into energy. Bigger blobby things evolved, then vertebrates, starting with some kind of lame eel, then fish, amphibians, reptiles, and finally mammals—including primates. Arthropods had split off prior, just to be contrarian, keeping their skeletons out the outside, and screwing themselves over by not having lungs, which left them tiny after the oxygen density of the air reduced (like how the British decided to add extra syllables to the pronunciation of “aluminum”).

    Then a bunch more time passed, and the animals that matter, humans, evolved from other primates. Humans later developed medicine, allowing the sickly and reckless to live in spite of their frailty or stupidity. This allowed humans to evolve toward mediocrity, leading to high functioning, but mentally enfeebled, people coming to dominate, and propagate superstitions. As humans became dumber, they developed irony by persisting in those beliefs, in total contradiction to the science that kept their dumb assed alive in the first place, opting to believe a magical space monster poofed them into existence, and continues to listen to their constant bitching about lives their human faculties allowed them to become aware of the shitness of.

  • Fred

    I think you stumbled into the meta game of the flat earth society. There may be some true believers in their midst, but they’re actually trying to get people to think critically.

    • http://www.buffalobeast.com/ Josh Bunting

      I’m pretty sure I’m not the first to suggest that. Whether they are or not is one of those great mysteries we’ll probably never unwrap, like whether Victoria Jackson is serious or not.

  • Klod

    What about the magnetic field of the earth? If the Flat-earthers accept that there is a magnetic pole near the north pole (in the centre of the world in their model) then the field would be toroidal and the lines of flux would diverge as you moved “south”. As it is, the compass heading does a pretty good job of agreeing with the lines of latitude and converging at the south pole. Are compasses in on the conspiracy?

    • http://www.buffalobeast.com/ Josh Bunting

      Here’s a FES thread on it. The FEer basically says that the magnetic field lines intersect at the Earth’s upper edges before circling around directly under the North Pole. Then again, he misspells the word “the” in one of his pictures, so he’s probably just trolling.

  • Akira MacKenzie

    Can we despense with the “Marketplace of Ideas” garbaget? Much like its capitalist analog, this proverbial “Marketplace” isn’t concerned with the quality or veracity of these ideas. It is concerned with what ideas are popular among the consumers; it is concerned with what sells.

    What sells to the knuckle-dragging denizens of this shit-hole country? Why, everything from Snooki’s New York Times Bestseller to post-modernism to 2012 apocalypse claims to “MMR Vacines cause autism,” of course! Meanwhile, the ideas that are demonstrable and actually require possession of a functioning brain to appreciate are left to compete with easy-to-digest bullshit and if given the choiceThe Average American (TM) will always embrace intellectual laziness over the acceptance of a difficult to understand reality anyday.

    But let’s carry the “Marketplace” analogy further. If there truly is a Marketplace of Ideas, then what is its equivalent of the FTC, FDA, OSHA, SEC, EPA, and all the other regulatory agencies that make sure that we aren’t harmed by stupid notions? The only thing that comes close is the FCC and its far more concerned with making sure children and prudish adults don’t see tits or genitals on TV than whether or not the information being broadcast on the airwaves is factual. Peter Poppoff got busted on Johny Carson over two decades ago for has faith healing scam, nothing happened to him. Today, Popoff is back, selling tubes of “Miracle Spring Water” and faith-based “debt relief” to the desperate and the stupid and making millions in the process.

    Answer me this: If Bernie Madoff can end up in prison for fleecing idiots in the ecomonic marketplace, why isn’t he sharing a cell with an intellectual fraud like Kirk Cameron?

    • http://www.buffalobeast.com/ Josh Bunting

      Maybe we should throw Akira MacKenzie in prison for misspelling “garbage” while we’re at it.

  • Ozinator

    “All too often those of us who are on the factually correct side of an argument can’t really explain how we know that the Ray Comforts and Bill Dembskis of the world are wrong. We do the hand-wave, we use logical fallacies like ad hominem attacks or appeals to popularity, or we just go “PFFT!” way before that kind of response is even partially justified”

    I said something similar to you concerning “belief” in science outside understanding the scientific method and you–frothed up from the scent of Beast ad populum– attacked me for being a science denier and lumped me in with everything else that means to you. I was trying to say I was on your side but that I just didn’t want you there! lol

    I like what you wrote here and am considering having more conversations with you because of it.

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